Caring about Equity, Diversity and Representation

Presented by Paula Butler, June 20, 2020



These articles, books and style guides might be useful as you explore these issues further, as well as for very practical indexing questions. The list includes both Canadian and American references.


Black and white: why capitalization mattersColumbia Journalism Review

Racial and Ethnic Identity, APA Style blog (American Psychological Association, which is often used in Canada, and it makes an interesting point about parallelism):

Getting Rid of the Word ‘Caucasian’ in Everyday Anti-Racism. The New Press. 2008.

Lack of Diversity in Canadian Publishing, by ISC member Sarah McNeil[JoAnne: can you attach the PDF of the attached document and add a link?]

35 Books to Read for National Indigenous History Month:

Mohawk/Tuscarora writer Janet Rogers opens Ojistoh publishing house on Six nations:

White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism, by Robin J. DiAngelo. (Available as a hard copy book, ebook or audiobook.)

Understanding and Dismantling Racism: A Booklist for White Readers:

Anti-Black Racism Reading List (Canadian focus):

Over 1,000 U.S. Publishing Workers Strike to Protest Industry Racism:

Black authors are on all the bestseller lists right now. But publishing doesn’t pay them enough

11 Racist and Offensive Phrases that People Still Use All the Time

14 Words (explanation of term):

The Ugly, Fascinating History of the Word ‘Racism’


Elements of Indigenous Style. Gregory Younging. Brush Education. 2018.

The Canadian Press Stylebook, 18th edition; there’s also The Canadian Press Caps and Spelling

New Canadian Media’s 76-page Ethnic Media and Diversity Style Guide (2016), downloadable here:

National NewsMedia Council lists some resources, including ethics and standards, here: Content Style Guide (for the government website, with a single mention of diversity)

The Translation Bureau, Government of Canada has a searchable term database called Termium: Here’s a link to their topic and alphabetic listing “capitalization: races; languages; peoples”:
They also have a French editing guide, Le guide du rédacteur (the second edition is from 2009, so might not be the latest reference)

First Nations Metis and Inuit Ontology   

Saskatchewan Seniors Mechanism style guide:

Diversity in Publishing — Organizations & Initiatives from the Magazine Association of BC:


Chicago Manual of Style. The current edition is the 17th, published in 2017. The 16th ed. (2010) caps ethnic and national adjectives, but not “colors” like black and white, in 8.37 and 8.39. This link is for the online edition:

APA Style (American Psychological Association, they’ve just put out their 7th edition): Click Bias-free Language for a useful section. The venerable 6th edition blog is here:

The Diversity Style Guide (online, created by the San Francisco State University’s Journalism Department, with over 700 terms and several specific guides, plus lots of great links to other American organizations),

The Conscious Style Guide (recommended by Chicago, NASA, and others): click Guides for info, including terms, for writing about the whole range of controversial subjects, with blog posts, articles, and references:

LGBTQ+ terms are explained in the GLAAD reference; for others see The Diversity Style Guide):

National Association of Black Journalists style guide:

The Asian American Journalists’ Association doesn’t have a style guide but recommends avoiding « illegal » to describe certain immigrants to the US:
There’s also a National Association of Hispanic Journalists but no style advice.

The Native American Journalists’ Association has an AP Style Guide insert for USD $9 with « preferred term usage for journalists covering Indian country »:

The California Assisted Living Association’s Anti-Ageism Usage and Style Guide


A learning resource on how to be a Black ally. Choose 10 min, 25 min, 45 min/day:

« How Studying Privilege Systems Can Strengthen Compassion » – 18 min video